UbuntuTrusty:Installation

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Ubuntu 14.04 - Installation


Téléchargement


L'image iso d'Ubuntu 14.04 LTS peut être téléchargée à partir du Serveur officiel de téléchargement d'Ubuntu

Les paquets de langue française ne sont pas inclus dans cette image.

Pour une installation en français il est possible de soit
 


Installation

L'image iso peut être décompressée sur une clé usb avec l'utilitaire LinuxLive USB Creator.
 


Pour une installation en anglais


  • Sélectionner English et choisir Install Ubuntu
  • Vérifier que les cases Download updates while installing et Install this third-party software sont décochées et choisir Continue
  • Sélectionner Something else et choisir Continue
  • Sélectionner /dev/sda et choisir New Partition Table ... et ensuite Continue
  • Sélectionner la ligne free space et choisir +
  • Créer une partition principale d'échange (swap area) de la taille de la mémoire du pc et choisir Ok
  • Sélectionner la ligne free space et choisir +
  • Créer une partition logique ext4 (Ext4 journaling file system) de la taille restante et choisir Ok
  • Choisir Install Now
  • Sélectionner New York comme ville et choisir Continue
  • Sélectionner le clavier Belge et choisir Continue
  • Créer un utilisateur et choisir Continue



Post-Installation

Configuration d'un proxy

La gestion d'un serveur proxy avec identifiant et mot de passe n'est pas très bien gérée dans Ubuntu étant donné que les diverses applications ne vont pas rechercher les informations au même endroit.
 

Pour apt-get et les mises-à-jour du système

  • Ouvrir le panneau System Settings / Network et sélectionner Network proxy
  • Choisir la méthode Manual
  • Remplir les adresses et ports nécessaires
  • Choisir Apply system wide


Si le proxy nécessite une authentification
  • Editer le fichier /etc/apt/apt.conf
  • Remplacer
    Acquire::http::proxy "http://x.x.x.x:y/";
    
    par
    Acquire::http::proxy "http://username:password@x.x.x.x:y/";
    
  • Faire de même avec les éevntuelles lignes https et ftp


  • Redémarrer


Mise-à-jour du système


  • Mettre à jour la liste des fichiers disponibles dans les dépôts APT présents dans les fichier de configuration se trouvant dans /etc/apt/sources.list
sudo apt-get update
  • Mettre à jour tous les paquets installés
sudo apt-get upgrade


Configuration du terminal


Adapter la tailler du terminal

  • Ouvrir un terminal : {{#switch:ctrl

| caps lock = Caps Lock | caps lock = Caps Lock | shift = Shift | shift = Shift | enter = Enter | enter = Enter | cmd = Cmd | cmd | cmd = Cmd | command = Command | command | command = Command | opt = Opt | opt | opt = Opt | option = Option | option key | option | option = Option | tab = Tab | tab = Tab | backspace = ← Backspace | backspace = ← Backspace | win = Win | win | win = Win | menu = Menu | menu = Menu | up = ↑ | up = | down = ↓ | down = | left = ← | left = | right = → | right = | * | asterisk = * | # | hash = # | # = # | : | colon = : | [[:]] = : | pipe = | | [[|]] = | | ; | semicolon = ; | ; = ; | equals = =

| l-up | l up = L↑ | l-down | l down = L↓ | l-left | l left = L← | l-right | l right = L→ | l-ne | l ne = L↗ | l-se | l se = L↘ | l-nw | l nw = L↖ | l-sw | l sw = L↙

| r-up | r up = R↑ | r-down | r down = R↓ | r-left | r left = R← | r-right | r right = R→ | r-ne | r ne = R↗ | r-se | r se = R↘ | r-nw | r nw = R↖ | r-sw | r sw = R↙

| ps x | ex = × | ps c | circle = | ps s | square = | ps t | triangle =

| c-up | c up = C↑ | c-down | c down = C↓ | c-left | c left = C← | c-right | c right = C→ | c-ne | c ne = C↗ | c-se | c se = C↘ | c-nw | c nw = C↖ | c-sw | c sw = C↙

| #default = Ctrl }}{{#if:Alt|+{{#switch:alt | caps lock = Caps Lock | caps lock = Caps Lock | shift = Shift | shift = Shift | enter = Enter | enter = Enter | cmd = Cmd | cmd | cmd = Cmd | command = Command | command | command = Command | opt = Opt | opt | opt = Opt | option = Option | option key | option | option = Option | tab = Tab | tab = Tab | backspace = ← Backspace | backspace = ← Backspace | win = Win | win | win = Win | menu = Menu | menu = Menu | up = ↑ | up = | down = ↓ | down = | left = ← | left = | right = → | right = | * | asterisk = * | # | hash = # | # = # | : | colon = : | [[:]] = : | pipe = | | [[|]] = | | ; | semicolon = ; | ; = ; | equals = =

| l-up | l up = L↑ | l-down | l down = L↓ | l-left | l left = L← | l-right | l right = L→ | l-ne | l ne = L↗ | l-se | l se = L↘ | l-nw | l nw = L↖ | l-sw | l sw = L↙

| r-up | r up = R↑ | r-down | r down = R↓ | r-left | r left = R← | r-right | r right = R→ | r-ne | r ne = R↗ | r-se | r se = R↘ | r-nw | r nw = R↖ | r-sw | r sw = R↙

| ps x | ex = × | ps c | circle = | ps s | square = | ps t | triangle =

| c-up | c up = C↑ | c-down | c down = C↓ | c-left | c left = C← | c-right | c right = C→ | c-ne | c ne = C↗ | c-se | c se = C↘ | c-nw | c nw = C↖ | c-sw | c sw = C↙

| #default = Alt }}}}{{#if:T|+{{#switch:t | caps lock = Caps Lock | caps lock = Caps Lock | shift = Shift | shift = Shift | enter = Enter | enter = Enter | cmd = Cmd | cmd | cmd = Cmd | command = Command | command | command = Command | opt = Opt | opt | opt = Opt | option = Option | option key | option | option = Option | tab = Tab | tab = Tab | backspace = ← Backspace | backspace = ← Backspace | win = Win | win | win = Win | menu = Menu | menu = Menu | up = ↑ | up = | down = ↓ | down = | left = ← | left = | right = → | right = | * | asterisk = * | # | hash = # | # = # | : | colon = : | [[:]] = : | pipe = | | [[|]] = | | ; | semicolon = ; | ; = ; | equals = =

| l-up | l up = L↑ | l-down | l down = L↓ | l-left | l left = L← | l-right | l right = L→ | l-ne | l ne = L↗ | l-se | l se = L↘ | l-nw | l nw = L↖ | l-sw | l sw = L↙

| r-up | r up = R↑ | r-down | r down = R↓ | r-left | r left = R← | r-right | r right = R→ | r-ne | r ne = R↗ | r-se | r se = R↘ | r-nw | r nw = R↖ | r-sw | r sw = R↙

| ps x | ex = × | ps c | circle = | ps s | square = | ps t | triangle =

| c-up | c up = C↑ | c-down | c down = C↓ | c-left | c left = C← | c-right | c right = C→ | c-ne | c ne = C↗ | c-se | c se = C↘ | c-nw | c nw = C↖ | c-sw | c sw = C↙

| #default = T }}}}{{#if:|+{{#switch:{{{4}}} | caps lock = Caps Lock | caps lock = Caps Lock | shift = Shift | shift = Shift | enter = Enter | enter = Enter | cmd = Cmd | cmd | cmd = Cmd | command = Command | command | command = Command | opt = Opt | opt | opt = Opt | option = Option | option key | option | option = Option | tab = Tab | tab = Tab | backspace = ← Backspace | backspace = ← Backspace | win = Win | win | win = Win | menu = Menu | menu = Menu | up = ↑ | up = | down = ↓ | down = | left = ← | left = | right = → | right = | * | asterisk = * | # | hash = # | # = # | : | colon = : | [[:]] = : | pipe = | | [[|]] = | | ; | semicolon = ; | ; = ; | equals = =

| l-up | l up = L↑ | l-down | l down = L↓ | l-left | l left = L← | l-right | l right = L→ | l-ne | l ne = L↗ | l-se | l se = L↘ | l-nw | l nw = L↖ | l-sw | l sw = L↙

| r-up | r up = R↑ | r-down | r down = R↓ | r-left | r left = R← | r-right | r right = R→ | r-ne | r ne = R↗ | r-se | r se = R↘ | r-nw | r nw = R↖ | r-sw | r sw = R↙

| ps x | ex = × | ps c | circle = | ps s | square = | ps t | triangle =

| c-up | c up = C↑ | c-down | c down = C↓ | c-left | c left = C← | c-right | c right = C→ | c-ne | c ne = C↗ | c-se | c se = C↘ | c-nw | c nw = C↖ | c-sw | c sw = C↙

| #default = {{{4}}} }}}}{{#if:|+{{#switch:{{{5}}} | caps lock = Caps Lock | caps lock = Caps Lock | shift = Shift | shift = Shift | enter = Enter | enter = Enter | cmd = Cmd | cmd | cmd = Cmd | command = Command | command | command = Command | opt = Opt | opt | opt = Opt | option = Option | option key | option | option = Option | tab = Tab | tab = Tab | backspace = ← Backspace | backspace = ← Backspace | win = Win | win | win = Win | menu = Menu | menu = Menu | up = ↑ | up = | down = ↓ | down = | left = ← | left = | right = → | right = | * | asterisk = * | # | hash = # | # = # | : | colon = : | [[:]] = : | pipe = | | [[|]] = | | ; | semicolon = ; | ; = ; | equals = =

| l-up | l up = L↑ | l-down | l down = L↓ | l-left | l left = L← | l-right | l right = L→ | l-ne | l ne = L↗ | l-se | l se = L↘ | l-nw | l nw = L↖ | l-sw | l sw = L↙

| r-up | r up = R↑ | r-down | r down = R↓ | r-left | r left = R← | r-right | r right = R→ | r-ne | r ne = R↗ | r-se | r se = R↘ | r-nw | r nw = R↖ | r-sw | r sw = R↙

| ps x | ex = × | ps c | circle = | ps s | square = | ps t | triangle =

| c-up | c up = C↑ | c-down | c down = C↓ | c-left | c left = C← | c-right | c right = C→ | c-ne | c ne = C↗ | c-se | c se = C↘ | c-nw | c nw = C↖ | c-sw | c sw = C↙

| #default = {{{5}}} }}}}{{#if:|+{{#switch:{{{6}}} | caps lock = Caps Lock | caps lock = Caps Lock | shift = Shift | shift = Shift | enter = Enter | enter = Enter | cmd = Cmd | cmd | cmd = Cmd | command = Command | command | command = Command | opt = Opt | opt | opt = Opt | option = Option | option key | option | option = Option | tab = Tab | tab = Tab | backspace = ← Backspace | backspace = ← Backspace | win = Win | win | win = Win | menu = Menu | menu = Menu | up = ↑ | up = | down = ↓ | down = | left = ← | left = | right = → | right = | * | asterisk = * | # | hash = # | # = # | : | colon = : | [[:]] = : | pipe = | | [[|]] = | | ; | semicolon = ; | ; = ; | equals = =

| l-up | l up = L↑ | l-down | l down = L↓ | l-left | l left = L← | l-right | l right = L→ | l-ne | l ne = L↗ | l-se | l se = L↘ | l-nw | l nw = L↖ | l-sw | l sw = L↙

| r-up | r up = R↑ | r-down | r down = R↓ | r-left | r left = R← | r-right | r right = R→ | r-ne | r ne = R↗ | r-se | r se = R↘ | r-nw | r nw = R↖ | r-sw | r sw = R↙

| ps x | ex = × | ps c | circle = | ps s | square = | ps t | triangle =

| c-up | c up = C↑ | c-down | c down = C↓ | c-left | c left = C← | c-right | c right = C→ | c-ne | c ne = C↗ | c-se | c se = C↘ | c-nw | c nw = C↖ | c-sw | c sw = C↙

| #default = {{{6}}} }}}}{{#if:|+{{#switch:{{{7}}} | caps lock = Caps Lock | caps lock = Caps Lock | shift = Shift | shift = Shift | enter = Enter | enter = Enter | cmd = Cmd | cmd | cmd = Cmd | command = Command | command | command = Command | opt = Opt | opt | opt = Opt | option = Option | option key | option | option = Option | tab = Tab | tab = Tab | backspace = ← Backspace | backspace = ← Backspace | win = Win | win | win = Win | menu = Menu | menu = Menu | up = ↑ | up = | down = ↓ | down = | left = ← | left = | right = → | right = | * | asterisk = * | # | hash = # | # = # | : | colon = : | [[:]] = : | pipe = | | [[|]] = | | ; | semicolon = ; | ; = ; | equals = =

| l-up | l up = L↑ | l-down | l down = L↓ | l-left | l left = L← | l-right | l right = L→ | l-ne | l ne = L↗ | l-se | l se = L↘ | l-nw | l nw = L↖ | l-sw | l sw = L↙

| r-up | r up = R↑ | r-down | r down = R↓ | r-left | r left = R← | r-right | r right = R→ | r-ne | r ne = R↗ | r-se | r se = R↘ | r-nw | r nw = R↖ | r-sw | r sw = R↙

| ps x | ex = × | ps c | circle = | ps s | square = | ps t | triangle =

| c-up | c up = C↑ | c-down | c down = C↓ | c-left | c left = C← | c-right | c right = C→ | c-ne | c ne = C↗ | c-se | c se = C↘ | c-nw | c nw = C↖ | c-sw | c sw = C↙

| #default = {{{7}}} }}}}{{#if:|+{{#switch:{{{8}}} | caps lock = Caps Lock | caps lock = Caps Lock | shift = Shift | shift = Shift | enter = Enter | enter = Enter | cmd = Cmd | cmd | cmd = Cmd | command = Command | command | command = Command | opt = Opt | opt | opt = Opt | option = Option | option key | option | option = Option | tab = Tab | tab = Tab | backspace = ← Backspace | backspace = ← Backspace | win = Win | win | win = Win | menu = Menu | menu = Menu | up = ↑ | up = | down = ↓ | down = | left = ← | left = | right = → | right = | * | asterisk = * | # | hash = # | # = # | : | colon = : | [[:]] = : | pipe = | | [[|]] = | | ; | semicolon = ; | ; = ; | equals = =

| l-up | l up = L↑ | l-down | l down = L↓ | l-left | l left = L← | l-right | l right = L→ | l-ne | l ne = L↗ | l-se | l se = L↘ | l-nw | l nw = L↖ | l-sw | l sw = L↙

| r-up | r up = R↑ | r-down | r down = R↓ | r-left | r left = R← | r-right | r right = R→ | r-ne | r ne = R↗ | r-se | r se = R↘ | r-nw | r nw = R↖ | r-sw | r sw = R↙

| ps x | ex = × | ps c | circle = | ps s | square = | ps t | triangle =

| c-up | c up = C↑ | c-down | c down = C↓ | c-left | c left = C← | c-right | c right = C→ | c-ne | c ne = C↗ | c-se | c se = C↘ | c-nw | c nw = C↖ | c-sw | c sw = C↙

| #default = {{{8}}} }}}}{{#if:|+{{#switch:{{{9}}} | caps lock = Caps Lock | caps lock = Caps Lock | shift = Shift | shift = Shift | enter = Enter | enter = Enter | cmd = Cmd | cmd | cmd = Cmd | command = Command | command | command = Command | opt = Opt | opt | opt = Opt | option = Option | option key | option | option = Option | tab = Tab | tab = Tab | backspace = ← Backspace | backspace = ← Backspace | win = Win | win | win = Win | menu = Menu | menu = Menu | up = ↑ | up = | down = ↓ | down = | left = ← | left = | right = → | right = | * | asterisk = * | # | hash = # | # = # | : | colon = : | [[:]] = : | pipe = | | [[|]] = | | ; | semicolon = ; | ; = ; | equals = =

| l-up | l up = L↑ | l-down | l down = L↓ | l-left | l left = L← | l-right | l right = L→ | l-ne | l ne = L↗ | l-se | l se = L↘ | l-nw | l nw = L↖ | l-sw | l sw = L↙

| r-up | r up = R↑ | r-down | r down = R↓ | r-left | r left = R← | r-right | r right = R→ | r-ne | r ne = R↗ | r-se | r se = R↘ | r-nw | r nw = R↖ | r-sw | r sw = R↙

| ps x | ex = × | ps c | circle = | ps s | square = | ps t | triangle =

| c-up | c up = C↑ | c-down | c down = C↓ | c-left | c left = C← | c-right | c right = C→ | c-ne | c ne = C↗ | c-se | c se = C↘ | c-nw | c nw = C↖ | c-sw | c sw = C↙

| #default = {{{9}}} }}}}{{#if:|+{{#switch:{{{10}}} | caps lock = Caps Lock | caps lock = Caps Lock | shift = Shift | shift = Shift | enter = Enter | enter = Enter | cmd = Cmd | cmd | cmd = Cmd | command = Command | command | command = Command | opt = Opt | opt | opt = Opt | option = Option | option key | option | option = Option | tab = Tab | tab = Tab | backspace = ← Backspace | backspace = ← Backspace | win = Win | win | win = Win | menu = Menu | menu = Menu | up = ↑ | up = | down = ↓ | down = | left = ← | left = | right = → | right = | * | asterisk = * | # | hash = # | # = # | : | colon = : | [[:]] = : | pipe = | | [[|]] = | | ; | semicolon = ; | ; = ; | equals = =

| l-up | l up = L↑ | l-down | l down = L↓ | l-left | l left = L← | l-right | l right = L→ | l-ne | l ne = L↗ | l-se | l se = L↘ | l-nw | l nw = L↖ | l-sw | l sw = L↙

| r-up | r up = R↑ | r-down | r down = R↓ | r-left | r left = R← | r-right | r right = R→ | r-ne | r ne = R↗ | r-se | r se = R↘ | r-nw | r nw = R↖ | r-sw | r sw = R↙

| ps x | ex = × | ps c | circle = | ps s | square = | ps t | triangle =

| c-up | c up = C↑ | c-down | c down = C↓ | c-left | c left = C← | c-right | c right = C→ | c-ne | c ne = C↗ | c-se | c se = C↘ | c-nw | c nw = C↖ | c-sw | c sw = C↙

| #default = {{{10}}}

}}}}{{#if:|}}
  • Dans le menu Edit Choisir Profile Preferences
  • Dans l'onglet General cocher la case Use custom default terminal size
  • Adapter aux dimensions voulues dans Default size
  • Fermer le terminal

Configurer la mémoire de défilement

  • Ouvrir un terminal : {{#switch:ctrl

| caps lock = Caps Lock | caps lock = Caps Lock | shift = Shift | shift = Shift | enter = Enter | enter = Enter | cmd = Cmd | cmd | cmd = Cmd | command = Command | command | command = Command | opt = Opt | opt | opt = Opt | option = Option | option key | option | option = Option | tab = Tab | tab = Tab | backspace = ← Backspace | backspace = ← Backspace | win = Win | win | win = Win | menu = Menu | menu = Menu | up = ↑ | up = | down = ↓ | down = | left = ← | left = | right = → | right = | * | asterisk = * | # | hash = # | # = # | : | colon = : | [[:]] = : | pipe = | | [[|]] = | | ; | semicolon = ; | ; = ; | equals = =

| l-up | l up = L↑ | l-down | l down = L↓ | l-left | l left = L← | l-right | l right = L→ | l-ne | l ne = L↗ | l-se | l se = L↘ | l-nw | l nw = L↖ | l-sw | l sw = L↙

| r-up | r up = R↑ | r-down | r down = R↓ | r-left | r left = R← | r-right | r right = R→ | r-ne | r ne = R↗ | r-se | r se = R↘ | r-nw | r nw = R↖ | r-sw | r sw = R↙

| ps x | ex = × | ps c | circle = | ps s | square = | ps t | triangle =

| c-up | c up = C↑ | c-down | c down = C↓ | c-left | c left = C← | c-right | c right = C→ | c-ne | c ne = C↗ | c-se | c se = C↘ | c-nw | c nw = C↖ | c-sw | c sw = C↙

| #default = Ctrl }}{{#if:Alt|+{{#switch:alt | caps lock = Caps Lock | caps lock = Caps Lock | shift = Shift | shift = Shift | enter = Enter | enter = Enter | cmd = Cmd | cmd | cmd = Cmd | command = Command | command | command = Command | opt = Opt | opt | opt = Opt | option = Option | option key | option | option = Option | tab = Tab | tab = Tab | backspace = ← Backspace | backspace = ← Backspace | win = Win | win | win = Win | menu = Menu | menu = Menu | up = ↑ | up = | down = ↓ | down = | left = ← | left = | right = → | right = | * | asterisk = * | # | hash = # | # = # | : | colon = : | [[:]] = : | pipe = | | [[|]] = | | ; | semicolon = ; | ; = ; | equals = =

| l-up | l up = L↑ | l-down | l down = L↓ | l-left | l left = L← | l-right | l right = L→ | l-ne | l ne = L↗ | l-se | l se = L↘ | l-nw | l nw = L↖ | l-sw | l sw = L↙

| r-up | r up = R↑ | r-down | r down = R↓ | r-left | r left = R← | r-right | r right = R→ | r-ne | r ne = R↗ | r-se | r se = R↘ | r-nw | r nw = R↖ | r-sw | r sw = R↙

| ps x | ex = × | ps c | circle = | ps s | square = | ps t | triangle =

| c-up | c up = C↑ | c-down | c down = C↓ | c-left | c left = C← | c-right | c right = C→ | c-ne | c ne = C↗ | c-se | c se = C↘ | c-nw | c nw = C↖ | c-sw | c sw = C↙

| #default = Alt }}}}{{#if:T|+{{#switch:t | caps lock = Caps Lock | caps lock = Caps Lock | shift = Shift | shift = Shift | enter = Enter | enter = Enter | cmd = Cmd | cmd | cmd = Cmd | command = Command | command | command = Command | opt = Opt | opt | opt = Opt | option = Option | option key | option | option = Option | tab = Tab | tab = Tab | backspace = ← Backspace | backspace = ← Backspace | win = Win | win | win = Win | menu = Menu | menu = Menu | up = ↑ | up = | down = ↓ | down = | left = ← | left = | right = → | right = | * | asterisk = * | # | hash = # | # = # | : | colon = : | [[:]] = : | pipe = | | [[|]] = | | ; | semicolon = ; | ; = ; | equals = =

| l-up | l up = L↑ | l-down | l down = L↓ | l-left | l left = L← | l-right | l right = L→ | l-ne | l ne = L↗ | l-se | l se = L↘ | l-nw | l nw = L↖ | l-sw | l sw = L↙

| r-up | r up = R↑ | r-down | r down = R↓ | r-left | r left = R← | r-right | r right = R→ | r-ne | r ne = R↗ | r-se | r se = R↘ | r-nw | r nw = R↖ | r-sw | r sw = R↙

| ps x | ex = × | ps c | circle = | ps s | square = | ps t | triangle =

| c-up | c up = C↑ | c-down | c down = C↓ | c-left | c left = C← | c-right | c right = C→ | c-ne | c ne = C↗ | c-se | c se = C↘ | c-nw | c nw = C↖ | c-sw | c sw = C↙

| #default = T }}}}{{#if:|+{{#switch:{{{4}}} | caps lock = Caps Lock | caps lock = Caps Lock | shift = Shift | shift = Shift | enter = Enter | enter = Enter | cmd = Cmd | cmd | cmd = Cmd | command = Command | command | command = Command | opt = Opt | opt | opt = Opt | option = Option | option key | option | option = Option | tab = Tab | tab = Tab | backspace = ← Backspace | backspace = ← Backspace | win = Win | win | win = Win | menu = Menu | menu = Menu | up = ↑ | up = | down = ↓ | down = | left = ← | left = | right = → | right = | * | asterisk = * | # | hash = # | # = # | : | colon = : | [[:]] = : | pipe = | | [[|]] = | | ; | semicolon = ; | ; = ; | equals = =

| l-up | l up = L↑ | l-down | l down = L↓ | l-left | l left = L← | l-right | l right = L→ | l-ne | l ne = L↗ | l-se | l se = L↘ | l-nw | l nw = L↖ | l-sw | l sw = L↙

| r-up | r up = R↑ | r-down | r down = R↓ | r-left | r left = R← | r-right | r right = R→ | r-ne | r ne = R↗ | r-se | r se = R↘ | r-nw | r nw = R↖ | r-sw | r sw = R↙

| ps x | ex = × | ps c | circle = | ps s | square = | ps t | triangle =

| c-up | c up = C↑ | c-down | c down = C↓ | c-left | c left = C← | c-right | c right = C→ | c-ne | c ne = C↗ | c-se | c se = C↘ | c-nw | c nw = C↖ | c-sw | c sw = C↙

| #default = {{{4}}} }}}}{{#if:|+{{#switch:{{{5}}} | caps lock = Caps Lock | caps lock = Caps Lock | shift = Shift | shift = Shift | enter = Enter | enter = Enter | cmd = Cmd | cmd | cmd = Cmd | command = Command | command | command = Command | opt = Opt | opt | opt = Opt | option = Option | option key | option | option = Option | tab = Tab | tab = Tab | backspace = ← Backspace | backspace = ← Backspace | win = Win | win | win = Win | menu = Menu | menu = Menu | up = ↑ | up = | down = ↓ | down = | left = ← | left = | right = → | right = | * | asterisk = * | # | hash = # | # = # | : | colon = : | [[:]] = : | pipe = | | [[|]] = | | ; | semicolon = ; | ; = ; | equals = =

| l-up | l up = L↑ | l-down | l down = L↓ | l-left | l left = L← | l-right | l right = L→ | l-ne | l ne = L↗ | l-se | l se = L↘ | l-nw | l nw = L↖ | l-sw | l sw = L↙

| r-up | r up = R↑ | r-down | r down = R↓ | r-left | r left = R← | r-right | r right = R→ | r-ne | r ne = R↗ | r-se | r se = R↘ | r-nw | r nw = R↖ | r-sw | r sw = R↙

| ps x | ex = × | ps c | circle = | ps s | square = | ps t | triangle =

| c-up | c up = C↑ | c-down | c down = C↓ | c-left | c left = C← | c-right | c right = C→ | c-ne | c ne = C↗ | c-se | c se = C↘ | c-nw | c nw = C↖ | c-sw | c sw = C↙

| #default = {{{5}}} }}}}{{#if:|+{{#switch:{{{6}}} | caps lock = Caps Lock | caps lock = Caps Lock | shift = Shift | shift = Shift | enter = Enter | enter = Enter | cmd = Cmd | cmd | cmd = Cmd | command = Command | command | command = Command | opt = Opt | opt | opt = Opt | option = Option | option key | option | option = Option | tab = Tab | tab = Tab | backspace = ← Backspace | backspace = ← Backspace | win = Win | win | win = Win | menu = Menu | menu = Menu | up = ↑ | up = | down = ↓ | down = | left = ← | left = | right = → | right = | * | asterisk = * | # | hash = # | # = # | : | colon = : | [[:]] = : | pipe = | | [[|]] = | | ; | semicolon = ; | ; = ; | equals = =

| l-up | l up = L↑ | l-down | l down = L↓ | l-left | l left = L← | l-right | l right = L→ | l-ne | l ne = L↗ | l-se | l se = L↘ | l-nw | l nw = L↖ | l-sw | l sw = L↙

| r-up | r up = R↑ | r-down | r down = R↓ | r-left | r left = R← | r-right | r right = R→ | r-ne | r ne = R↗ | r-se | r se = R↘ | r-nw | r nw = R↖ | r-sw | r sw = R↙

| ps x | ex = × | ps c | circle = | ps s | square = | ps t | triangle =

| c-up | c up = C↑ | c-down | c down = C↓ | c-left | c left = C← | c-right | c right = C→ | c-ne | c ne = C↗ | c-se | c se = C↘ | c-nw | c nw = C↖ | c-sw | c sw = C↙

| #default = {{{6}}} }}}}{{#if:|+{{#switch:{{{7}}} | caps lock = Caps Lock | caps lock = Caps Lock | shift = Shift | shift = Shift | enter = Enter | enter = Enter | cmd = Cmd | cmd | cmd = Cmd | command = Command | command | command = Command | opt = Opt | opt | opt = Opt | option = Option | option key | option | option = Option | tab = Tab | tab = Tab | backspace = ← Backspace | backspace = ← Backspace | win = Win | win | win = Win | menu = Menu | menu = Menu | up = ↑ | up = | down = ↓ | down = | left = ← | left = | right = → | right = | * | asterisk = * | # | hash = # | # = # | : | colon = : | [[:]] = : | pipe = | | [[|]] = | | ; | semicolon = ; | ; = ; | equals = =

| l-up | l up = L↑ | l-down | l down = L↓ | l-left | l left = L← | l-right | l right = L→ | l-ne | l ne = L↗ | l-se | l se = L↘ | l-nw | l nw = L↖ | l-sw | l sw = L↙

| r-up | r up = R↑ | r-down | r down = R↓ | r-left | r left = R← | r-right | r right = R→ | r-ne | r ne = R↗ | r-se | r se = R↘ | r-nw | r nw = R↖ | r-sw | r sw = R↙

| ps x | ex = × | ps c | circle = | ps s | square = | ps t | triangle =

| c-up | c up = C↑ | c-down | c down = C↓ | c-left | c left = C← | c-right | c right = C→ | c-ne | c ne = C↗ | c-se | c se = C↘ | c-nw | c nw = C↖ | c-sw | c sw = C↙

| #default = {{{7}}} }}}}{{#if:|+{{#switch:{{{8}}} | caps lock = Caps Lock | caps lock = Caps Lock | shift = Shift | shift = Shift | enter = Enter | enter = Enter | cmd = Cmd | cmd | cmd = Cmd | command = Command | command | command = Command | opt = Opt | opt | opt = Opt | option = Option | option key | option | option = Option | tab = Tab | tab = Tab | backspace = ← Backspace | backspace = ← Backspace | win = Win | win | win = Win | menu = Menu | menu = Menu | up = ↑ | up = | down = ↓ | down = | left = ← | left = | right = → | right = | * | asterisk = * | # | hash = # | # = # | : | colon = : | [[:]] = : | pipe = | | [[|]] = | | ; | semicolon = ; | ; = ; | equals = =

| l-up | l up = L↑ | l-down | l down = L↓ | l-left | l left = L← | l-right | l right = L→ | l-ne | l ne = L↗ | l-se | l se = L↘ | l-nw | l nw = L↖ | l-sw | l sw = L↙

| r-up | r up = R↑ | r-down | r down = R↓ | r-left | r left = R← | r-right | r right = R→ | r-ne | r ne = R↗ | r-se | r se = R↘ | r-nw | r nw = R↖ | r-sw | r sw = R↙

| ps x | ex = × | ps c | circle = | ps s | square = | ps t | triangle =

| c-up | c up = C↑ | c-down | c down = C↓ | c-left | c left = C← | c-right | c right = C→ | c-ne | c ne = C↗ | c-se | c se = C↘ | c-nw | c nw = C↖ | c-sw | c sw = C↙

| #default = {{{8}}} }}}}{{#if:|+{{#switch:{{{9}}} | caps lock = Caps Lock | caps lock = Caps Lock | shift = Shift | shift = Shift | enter = Enter | enter = Enter | cmd = Cmd | cmd | cmd = Cmd | command = Command | command | command = Command | opt = Opt | opt | opt = Opt | option = Option | option key | option | option = Option | tab = Tab | tab = Tab | backspace = ← Backspace | backspace = ← Backspace | win = Win | win | win = Win | menu = Menu | menu = Menu | up = ↑ | up = | down = ↓ | down = | left = ← | left = | right = → | right = | * | asterisk = * | # | hash = # | # = # | : | colon = : | [[:]] = : | pipe = | | [[|]] = | | ; | semicolon = ; | ; = ; | equals = =

| l-up | l up = L↑ | l-down | l down = L↓ | l-left | l left = L← | l-right | l right = L→ | l-ne | l ne = L↗ | l-se | l se = L↘ | l-nw | l nw = L↖ | l-sw | l sw = L↙

| r-up | r up = R↑ | r-down | r down = R↓ | r-left | r left = R← | r-right | r right = R→ | r-ne | r ne = R↗ | r-se | r se = R↘ | r-nw | r nw = R↖ | r-sw | r sw = R↙

| ps x | ex = × | ps c | circle = | ps s | square = | ps t | triangle =

| c-up | c up = C↑ | c-down | c down = C↓ | c-left | c left = C← | c-right | c right = C→ | c-ne | c ne = C↗ | c-se | c se = C↘ | c-nw | c nw = C↖ | c-sw | c sw = C↙

| #default = {{{9}}} }}}}{{#if:|+{{#switch:{{{10}}} | caps lock = Caps Lock | caps lock = Caps Lock | shift = Shift | shift = Shift | enter = Enter | enter = Enter | cmd = Cmd | cmd | cmd = Cmd | command = Command | command | command = Command | opt = Opt | opt | opt = Opt | option = Option | option key | option | option = Option | tab = Tab | tab = Tab | backspace = ← Backspace | backspace = ← Backspace | win = Win | win | win = Win | menu = Menu | menu = Menu | up = ↑ | up = | down = ↓ | down = | left = ← | left = | right = → | right = | * | asterisk = * | # | hash = # | # = # | : | colon = : | [[:]] = : | pipe = | | [[|]] = | | ; | semicolon = ; | ; = ; | equals = =

| l-up | l up = L↑ | l-down | l down = L↓ | l-left | l left = L← | l-right | l right = L→ | l-ne | l ne = L↗ | l-se | l se = L↘ | l-nw | l nw = L↖ | l-sw | l sw = L↙

| r-up | r up = R↑ | r-down | r down = R↓ | r-left | r left = R← | r-right | r right = R→ | r-ne | r ne = R↗ | r-se | r se = R↘ | r-nw | r nw = R↖ | r-sw | r sw = R↙

| ps x | ex = × | ps c | circle = | ps s | square = | ps t | triangle =

| c-up | c up = C↑ | c-down | c down = C↓ | c-left | c left = C← | c-right | c right = C→ | c-ne | c ne = C↗ | c-se | c se = C↘ | c-nw | c nw = C↖ | c-sw | c sw = C↙

| #default = {{{10}}}

}}}}{{#if:|}}
  • Dans le menu Edit Choisir Profile Preferences
  • Dans l'onglet Scrolling cocher la case Unlimited
  • Fermer le terminal

Activer la coloration du prompt sa forme et sa couleur

  • Editer le fichier .bashrc (Pour root
  • Décommenter la ligne
    #force_color_prompt=yes
    
  • Editer la ligne
    PS1='${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\[\033[01;32m\]\u@\h\[\033[00m\]:\[\033[01;34m\]\w\[\033[00m\]\$ '
    


Désactiver l'écran de veille


  • Ouvrir le panneau System Settings / Brightness & Lock
  • Changer Turn screen off when inactive for de 5 minutes en Never
  • Changer Lock de ON à OFF
  • Décocher Require my password when waking from suspend


Adapter la time zone


  • Ouvrir le panneau System Settings / Time & Date
  • Changer New York en Brussels


Adapter la localisation des dépôts APT


  • Ouvrir Ubuntu Software Center
  • Dans le menu Edit choisir Software Sources
  • Dans l'onglet Ubuntu Software changer Download from de Server for United States en Other et choisir un serveur en Belgique


Activer le compte root


  • sudo passwd root
    


Désactiver le compte Invité


  • Editer le fichier /usr/share/lightdm/lightdm.conf.d/50-ubuntu.conf et ajouter la ligne
allow-guest=false
  • Redémarrer


Installer le gestionnaire de paquets Synaptic


  • sudo apt-get install synaptic
    


Synchronisation de l'heure


Par défaut Ubuntu essaiera, lors de chaque démarrage, de synchroniser son heure avec le serveur NTP ntp.ubuntu.com.
Cela peut poser plusieurs problèmes :

  • Si le serveur est derrière un proxy, celui-ci pourrait bloquer le port 123 utilisé par le protocole NTP.
  • La synchronisation n'a lieu que lors du démarrage du serveur.


Pour éviter ces problèmes et si un serveur NTP interne est disponible :

  • Désactiver la synchronisation automatique de l'heure via internet
sudo mv /etc/network/if-up.d/ntpdate /etc/network/if-up.d/ntpdate.disabled
  • Programmer une synchronisation au démarrage et journalière via un serveur interne
sudo crontab -e

Ajouter les lignes

1 @reboot sudo ntpdate ntpserver
2 @daily  sudo ntpdate ntpserver


gksu

Il n'est pas recommandé de démarrer une application graphique avec sudo et il est donc vivement conseillé d'utiliser à la place gksu.
 
  • Installer gksu
sudo apt-get install gksu


Exemple d'utilisation :
gksu gedit /etc/apt/apt.conf


Tweaks


Afficher le nom d'utilisateur dans la barre de notifications


  • gsettings set com.canonical.indicator.session show-real-name-on-panel true
    
  • Pour le retirer
    gsettings set com.canonical.indicator.session show-real-name-on-panel false